Dimension I -
Me and Others
With regard to citizenship education for children aged 8-12,
children should start by understanding the relevance of
their own identity and their feelings towards others. They
will then learn about the relationship between the
individual and the community (family, peer group, friends
and wider community).
Therefore, any topic of citizenship education should start
with an identity-based learning concept which integrates the
biography and personal experience of the child. By starting
with questions such as “Who am I? What is important to me?
What is fair? What is just/ unjust? How do I want to be
treated?” children may explore who they are and how they
feel about themselves by understanding and defining their
emotions, and, therefore, come to conclusions about their
Thus, it is evident that defining one’s identity and
identifying one’s emotions are both important with regards
to education for democratic citizenship, as these factors
affect children in their interaction with their
Exploring Emotions and Identities
Children who understand their own emotions and recognise
their identity can develop capacities to interacting with
others as a member of a group or as an individual.
Self-confidence is a basis for respectful social commitment.
With regards to the topic Exploring Emotions and Identities,
the focus is on the importance of provide children means to
be aware of their emotions and those of the others; to
develop the skills for dealing with uncomfortable feelings
or negative emotions (i.e. frustration, anger) and the
ability to resist the temptation for an immediate reward,
which relates to other similar skills such as patience,
impulse control, self-control and willpower, all of which
are involved in self-regulation; to develop coping skills in
situations of risk; to create positive socio-emotional
awareness (such as listening, empathy).
Relationship and Conflict Resolution
The ability to reflect and acknowledge different attitudes
and perceptions, opinions and interests of people in society
forms the basis of democratic decision-making in pluralistic
societies. The concept of conflict resolution should be
built on raising awareness appropriately, from interpersonal
relations to group interactions.
The topic Conflict Resolution provides training on resolving
conflict, which arises from an individual emotional level
towards a communicative/collaborative process between two or
more people. These exchanges involve an understanding of the
other person’s point of view, learning more about this
person’s or group‘s perspective, as well as motivations and
finding peaceful solutions for all implicated parties.
Every decision that has influence on children should
consider the interest and well-being of children, which
includes: (i) protection (all children and youth have the
same rights; the child‘s best interests must be the main
consideration), (ii) participation (children and youth have
the right to be involved in an appropriate way in all
matters that directly concern them and should therefore
express their views and beliefs), and (iii) provision (the
right of children to life and survival, livelihood security
and development opportunities).
You find the materials for download in different languages